A Milestone in African Justice: The African Court of Justice and Human Rights


The African Court of Justice and Human Rights heralds a new era in Africa, tackling crimes against children with expanded jurisdiction and enforceable judgments.

In a landmark development, the establishment of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights marks a transformative leap forward in addressing severe crimes impacting children across the continent. This initiative, spearheaded by the Malabo Protocol, merges the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights with expanded criminal jurisdiction, positioning it to tackle heinous crimes like genocide, war crimes, terrorism, and human trafficking.

Breaking the Chains of Impunity

Historically, justice for grave violations of children’s rights in Africa has been obstructed by a pervasive culture of impunity. Terrorist groups, traffickers, and other perpetrators have often evaded accountability, perpetuating cycles of violence. The African Court of Justice and Human Rights, with its broad jurisdiction, promises to shatter this cycle, bringing violators to justice and reinforcing the rule of law.

Hon. Wilson Almeida Adão, Chairperson of the African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, emphasized,

“This Court stands as a beacon of hope for enforcing legal consequences for those who have historically evaded justice, thereby reinforcing the rule of law”

A Shield for the Vulnerable

The new court’s mandate extends to addressing abuses in conflict zones, such as the recruitment of child soldiers and instances of sexual violence. By targeting these crimes, the court not only seeks retribution but also acts as a deterrent, aiming to stabilize regions plagued by terrorism and trafficking.

The court also aims to tackle violations by non-state actors, including corporations exploiting child labor. This expansion of scope is crucial in holding powerful entities accountable, ensuring that crimes against children by any actor are met with justice.

Turning Recommendations into Action

One of the critical advancements brought by the merged court is the shift from non-binding recommendations to enforceable judgments. This change provides a robust mechanism to hold violators of children’s rights accountable in actionable terms.

“The establishment of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights represents a transformative shift from recommendatory to binding judgments, providing us a mechanism to hold violators of children’s rights accountable,”

said Adão.

Prioritizing Child Protection

The court is expected to regard crimes against children as particularly severe, aligning with international legal frameworks like the Rome Statute and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. This alignment ensures that the court’s mandates and interpretations prioritize child protection.

Reparations and compensation policies will be tailored to the specific needs of child victims, addressing their physical, psychological, and developmental recovery. The court’s procedures will also integrate child-friendly practices, ensuring the protection and participation of children throughout the legal process.

A Call to Action

The creation of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights is a call to action for all stakeholders to unite and push for the ratification of the Malabo Protocol. This court is not just a symbol but a functional protector of rights, aiming to ensure that justice is a reality for all children in Africa.

Let us ensure that the vision of a merged Court, serving not just as a symbol but as a functional protector of rights, becomes a reality,”

urged Adão

Join the Movement

As we celebrate the 10th Anniversary of the Malabo Protocol, we are reminded of our collective commitment to justice and accountability. Let us champion this cause, pushing for a future where children’s rights are vigorously protected and justice is a right accessible to all.

BlaccTheddi Post invites all to stay informed and engaged. Read more on the implications of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights and join us in advocating for a better future for Africa’s children.

Read Full Statement by Hon. Wilson Almeida Adão

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Right Steps Today, Better Africa Tomorrow.

Stay tuned for more insightful articles and updates from BlaccTheddi Post, your authentic source for Africa’s most important stories.


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